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Mouth ulcers are painful round or oval sores that form in the mouth, most often on the inside of the cheeks or lips.
They’re usually white, red, yellow or grey in colour and are inflamed (red and swollen) around the edge. Although mouth ulcers can be uncomfortable, especially when you eat, drink or brush your teeth, they are usually harmless.
Most mouth ulcers will clear up by themselves within a week or two. You only need to see your GP or dentist if the ulcer gets worse or lasts for longer than three weeks, or if you develop ulcers regularly.
Mouth Ulcers caused by cancer treatment
If you’re about to begin cancer treatment, be aware that certain treatments can cause mouth sores or mouth ulcers (oral mucositis).
Mouth ulcers can be painful and distressing. They can range from a mere inconvenience to a severe complication that may make you unable to continue your cancer treatment.
How Do Cancer Treatments Cause Mouth Ulcers
Chemotherapy and radiation alone or combined can cause mouth sores. That’s because these cancer treatments are intended to kill rapidly growing cells such as cancer cells.
Some healthy cells in your body also divide and grow rapidly, including the cells that line the inside of your mouth. Unfortunately these healthy cells are also damaged by chemotherapy and radiation.
Damage to the cells in your mouth makes it difficult for your mouth to heal itself and to fend off germs, leading to sores and infections.
Chemotherapy and radiation both can impair your body’s germ fighting system (immune system). With an impaired immune system, viruses, bacteria and fungi can more easily infect your mouth, causing mouth ulcers or making it worse.
Mouth sores offer a convenient way for germs to get into your body. Since cancer treatment can weaken your immune system, serious infection can result. Continue cleaning your teeth and mouth during and after treatment to reduce your risk of infection.
Chemotherapy reduces your blood’s ability to clot. Bleeding from your mouth can range from mild, with some spotting when you brush your teeth, to severe, with bleeding that’s difficult to stop.
When your mouth sores bleed, continue cleaning your mouth as best you can — even if that means just rinsing with water. Using 100% natural mouthwash has been helped many cancer patients to prevent mouth ulcers during chemotherapy.
A range of causes
Mouth ulcers can be caused by a wide range of factors including:
- Accidental biting of the cheek
- Injury from a toothbrush (such as slipping while brushing)
- Constant rubbing against misaligned or sharp teeth
- Constant rubbing against dentures or braces
- Poor oral hygiene
- Burns from eating hot food
- Irritation from strong antiseptics, such as a mouthwash
- Oral thrush infection
- Herpes simplex viral infection (cold sore)
- Reaction to certain drugs, such as chemotherapeutic agents
- Autoimmune diseases (for example, lichen planus)
- Syphilis infection
- A range of other infections including hand-foot-mouth syndrome Certain diseases including tuberculosis, AIDS, diabetes mellitus and inflammatory bowel disease
- Cancer of the lip.
7 Tips to Cure Mouth Ulcers
- Improved oral hygiene
Although it is painful to brush the teeth while you are having mouth ulcers, keep flossing and brush your teeth. Choose natural toothpaste and natural mouthwash, which do not contain aggressive substances.
- Avoid spicy and sour food
Spicy and sour food will irritate the mouth ulcers and make it more difficult to heal.
- Drink plenty of fluid
- Nutritional supplements and a healthy diet
Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables and avoid acidic or sugary foods that can feed bacteria. Avoid sugar, alcohol, smoking and processed food.
- Use organic natural mouthwash
Check whether your mouthwash does not contain harmful chemicals, which can cause mouth ulcers getting worse. Use 100% organic essential oil can help destroy the harmful bacteria that can lead to problems such as mouth ulcers or mouth sore. Applying Oral Botanica directly on the mouth ulcers will help the healing process significantly.
- Use Clove Oil cotton ball
Mix the clove oil with the olive oil and then soak a cotton ball in it. Swish your mouth with warm water or salt water to get the area clean. Apply the cotton ball directly to the sore for 5-8 minutes for numbing relief.