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What is Receding Gums?
Receding gums occur when the root surfaces of teeth become exposed. It is a common condition in adults over the age of 40. For many people, receding gums are a natural sign of aging caused by years of vigorous teeth brushing. However, receding gums can also be a sign of a larger medical problem. Red, swollen, and receding gums are a sign of gingivitis. When plaque builds up and irritates gums, it can destroy the gums as they separate from the tooth. This can create pockets where bacteria fester and cause more problems like peritonitis. Gums can also recede when teeth or crowns are crooked or misaligned.
Unlike other types of gum disease that can be hard to diagnose due to a lack of pain and visible symptoms early on, receding gums are fairly simple to diagnose on visual inspection. As the gums begin to recede, you can see a physical change in the teeth and the amount of surface area. Also, because the protective lining (the gums) pulls away from the root of the teeth, your teeth are likely to be more sensitive to hot and cold as well as touch and pressure.
What Causes Receding Gums
Knowing the causes of gum recession is that the best way to evade, prevent, and delay violent tissue loss. Some risk factors may cause additional aggressive gum recession, whereas others happen more slowly. Some of the foremost influential factors that end in gum recession include:
Periodontal Disease – Acute gum disease / periodontal disease causes infected gum tissue to detach from the surface of the tooth, affecting deep gum around the tooth as gum recession. Untreated gum disease may end up in permanent gum detachment from the tooth.
Sensitivity against Sodium Laurel Sulfate – Sodium Lauryl Sulfate which is used in many toothpastes is a chemical which is an irritant and caused liver toxic. Always choose toothpaste and mouthwash without SLS>
Aggressive tooth brushing – Using a toothbrush or brushing too hard with stiff bristles may cause the gums to recede. Scrubbing repetitively back and forth may wear notches within the enamel as well as cause the sensitive gum tissue to creep down the surface of the tooth. Change to a soft toothbrush and just enough pressure to cause light blanching of the tissues. Hold your brush at a 45-degree angle to your gums, and make an up-and-down motion. Use short strokes. Brush outer and inner tooth surfaces, back molars, and your tongue.
Poor oral hygiene – Bacteria in the mouth can destroy the protective gum tissue, attacking the bone that supports the teeth and eventually causing exposure of the tooth roots. When bone deteriorates, teeth lose their natural support and are at risk of becoming lost.
Pregnancy and the hormonal changes – women experience can also increase the risk of periodontal disease, as do unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as tobacco use, poor diet, and oral piercings. Medications and certain health problems may also play a role in the development of gum recession and tooth sensitivity. Patients with misaligned teeth, an incorrect bite, and other dental problems may also be at risk for gum recession.
Misaligned Teeth – Teeth that are misaligned are additional liable to gum recession. Sometimes it’s the one or two crooked teeth that become vulnerable, because of the tissues being force in the different direction or from the surplus trauma to the tooth being jetted out into the incorrect position. Misaligned teeth may also get additional tartar buildup as a result of they’re tough to keep clean with regular brushing and flossing, which can cause gum disease and recession.
Piercings of the Lip or Tongue – Chronic irritation from a lip or tongue piercing may cause gingival tissue to shift out of place, revealing the tooth. Even if the piercing doesn’t feel troublesome, the repetitive rubbing against soft tissues can still cause gradual harm to the tissues. There may or may not be discomfort related to the jewelry rubbing against the gums.
Bruxism or grinding the teeth
Genetic Influences – people whose parents had chronic gum recession from gum disease or misalignment is also susceptible to develop the condition themselves. Bacteria may be passed from a parent to the kid, and anatomical factors might simply be inherited.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms will generally occur relatively slowly over time. One may not be aware that there is a problem, as it often occurs so gradually.
When gums recede this makes the teeth appear longer, the roots are made visible (and are typically slightly darker) and inter-dental spaces will become visibly larger. If you have any crowns or bridges in place, the margins (where they meet the underlying tooth) may become exposed.
Apart from the obvious changes in appearance, other symptoms may include:
A build-up of plaque or tartar can cause the gum to recede down the tooth and can even destroy the bony support of the tooth. Pockets can form in the gum around the tooth, making the area difficult to keep clean and the problem worse. If you notice your teeth becoming more sensitive, it may be time for a check-up.
Early stage periodontal disease is not often painful and the signs are relatively minor. However, left untreated, the early symptoms can progress and develop into periodontitis. Early stages of gum disease can be seen with minor symptoms like tender gums that include:
- Red, swollen, or purple gums
- Gums that feel tender when touched
- Bleeding gums
- Persistent breath odor or a foul taste
When gums recede because of periodontal disease, the teeth have the appearance of being much longer than normal. Not only is this condition a cosmetic concern but it can also affect the good health of your teeth and gums. The end results of this condition can be gum irritation, sensitivity to the surface of the root, bone loss, root caries or even loss of one or more teeth.
Exposed roots can be extremely sensitive and uncomfortable. They can be a sign of periodontal disease or can be attributed to brushing too aggressively with hard toothbrushes. Only soft or extra-soft bristles should be used when brushing your gums and it’s important to be gentle while doing so.
Loose teeth are caused by the presence of bacteria and periodontal disease under the gums around the teeth. As the disease worsens, the gum pockets deepen due to loss of attachment structure. The bacteria from gingivitis and gum disease cause the body to destroy bone and gum tissue around the teeth, which are meant to hold the teeth in place.
Gum disease can be very serious. As plaque and bacteria invade the area around the teeth, it destroys the attachment between the teeth and the surrounding support structures. Once gum disease becomes active and remains untreated, teeth become mobile. If mobility is severe enough it ultimately results in loss of teeth.
- Reduce gum pocket depths and clear away bacteria, plaque, and tartar with a scaling and root planing procedure
- Laser gum surgery to destroy bacteria and reduce pocket depths
- Soft tissue grafts using donor tissue to create a longer, healthier gum line
- Tissue generating proteins to stimulate regrowth of gum tissue
How to prevent receding gums
As with most diseases and complications, the most effective way to address gum recession is to stop it from happening.
Regular Dental Cleanings – Routine dental cleanings facilitate prevent tartar and bacterium buildup from causing gum disease and recession. Dentists and hygienists suggest that you simply have your teeth cleaned a minimum of double every year to get rid of tiny amounts of tartar before causing severe disease. most of the people don’t take away all of the bacteria even if they brush double each day, therefore some is left over that may anchorage gum disease. Your hygienist has superior tools that may take away bacterium from areas that aren’t accessible with floss or toothbrushes.
Orthodontic therapy – Even before gum recession is clear, proactive treatment can correct misaligned teeth in order that they don’t improve recession, or therefore it doesn’t become too serious. While fast tooth movement may cause recession, slow and precise orthodontic care may facilitate align teeth properly in order that the gums aren’t in danger. Properly aligned teeth also are easier to keep clean, therefore there’s less risk to develop gum disease, recession, and cavities. Most orthodontic treatment is often completed at intervals 12-24 months, depending on the severity of the case.
Bite Splints – Excessive pressure from grinding, clenching, or bruxism may cause enamel to chip away and gums to recede. Trying a night guard or custom tailored bite splint may cut back the strain placed on your teeth, preventing generalized wear and gum recession. Some folks wear splints at night, whereas others would like them within the daytime when they notice their stress is elevated. Custom fitted guards give better coverage and are more comfortable to wear.
8 Natural Remedies for Receding Gums
Rich in antioxidants, green tea is known as the elixir of health and may be used for treating and preventing the onset of variety of diseases. Taking green tea can facilitate in reducing the harm caused to the teeth as a results of receding gums.
Green tea reduces inflammation of the gums and additionally helps in destroying the bacterium within the mouth that may cause periodontal complications. Have a cup of green tea in the morning to retain your gums and teeth sturdy.
Take some eucalyptus oil and dilute with water. Massage for a couple of minutes onto your gums on a daily basis and wash. This may stimulate new tissue growth and additionally scale back gum recession and harm because of bacterial action.
The action of cloves on decayed and broken tooth and infection has been long praised. Clove oil is understood to be an antimicrobial, natural antiseptic and anti-fungal agent and helps in stimulating the expansion and repair of broken tissues.
Cloves are terribly powerful as disinfectants and may stop bacterial action with frequent use. Use a clove daily or massage with clove oil for best results.
A kind of organic compound that’s obtained from trees, myrrh is used for stopping the recession of gums and preventing root exposure and harm as well. It’s additionally nice for strengthening the gums. Myrrh is used for rinsing the mouth or as a paste or tooth powder, whichever is appropriate for you.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is diluted and used for swishing the mouth for preventing gum recession and root harm. Keep in mind that the oil is incredibly robust and may not be used while not diluting it, lest it ought to cause burns. Tea tree oil is a powerful anti-fungal and microbic agent and destroys the bacteria and plaque buildup within the teeth and between the gums.
Sumac tree is known to possess tight qualities that may come of facilitate for treating of receding gums. It aids in stimulation of the gums and additionally cleans the teeth, keeping them safe from decay and harm. Take a twig and peel the external bark. Gently rub the inner part over the surface of the teeth and along the gums.
Wild yarrow too has many antiseptic and harsh qualities. The leaves or flowers of wild yarrow are used for rubbing over your teeth and preventing gum recession to a good extent.
The leaves act as a tonic for the gums and are a wonderful treatment for the mucus membrane. Sage leaves are directly rubbed on the gums and teeth for defense and treatment of receding gums.
Sage leaves are used for producing a tea similarly for making ready a rinse for your gums. Put sage leaves to a cup of steaming water and steep for 10 minutes before using it for rinsing.
Rose vinegar helps in strengthening the gums and might be used as a rinse for the mouth. For creating rose vinegar, take three ounces of rose petals and soak in wine vinegar solution.
Steep for concerning seven days and strain it. A tablespoon of rose vinegar is added to 1 cup of hot water and this will be used as a mouth rinse daily to stop recession of gums.
Using toothpaste without SLS, without Fluoride, without glycerin, or other nasty chemicals such as Oral Botanica can be a great natural or organic remedy to cure receding gums problems. Many people around the world have used ORAL Botanica and they have got amazing experience in growing back of their gums slowly and the gaps between the teeth get tightened.