Swollen Gums

Swollen gums are abnormally enlarged, bulging, or protruding. Gum swelling results from excess fluid (edema) in the soft tissues of the gums and may be accompanied by redness, pain, sores, ulcers and bleeding.

A Range of Causes Swollen Gums

Plaque and Tartar

Most swelling of the gums is due to one cause: bacterial plaque. That white, filmy layer that hiding along the gum lines and on the surface of your teeth cause not only cavities, but gum infections as well. That’s because the plaque builds up along the margin of the gum lines and also begins to creep in underneath the gum pocket, infecting the gums from the inside out. Once plaque gets into an area and isn’t cleaned out thoroughly, it causes an immune response in the body which then leads to inflammation of the tissue. Calcified plaque is called tartar or calculus, which can only be removed by a dental provider.


Allergic reactions to ingredients in toothpaste, food, medications, or even metal dental restorations can cause irritation, redness, or swelling of the gum tissue. Most people find that changing their toothpaste with natural toothpaste helps reduce the recurrence of swollen and inflamed gums.

Tooth decay that has spread into the dental nerve can cause a localized pocket of swelling near the root of the tooth. This is due to the infection attempting to drain itself.

Some women find that hormone levels cause swelling of the gums. This is usually temporary, with the longest cases typically being associated with pregnancy.

Debris of Food 
Wide spaces between the teeth, due to gum loss, tooth alignment, or gaps between dental restorations will cause food to collect after each meal. Not being removed with floss will likewise create a response from the body and initiate swelling until the debris is physically removed.

Old or Improper Dental Restorations
Improper or faulty dental restorations can give plaque an area to stick and grow, making it difficult or impossible to clean around. These areas almost always have chronic swelling around them, even in some people with the best oral hygiene habits. Crowns are a classic example of how plaque can cause inflammation around a dental restoration; until it has been cleaned away on a regular basis.

Ill-fitting dentures or partials can also rub the tissues and cause sores or swelling.

6 Natural Remedies for Swollen Gums

  • Improved Oral Hygiene
    Although it is painful to brush the teeth while you are having mouth ulcers, keep flossing and brush your teeth. Choose natural toothpaste and natural mouthwash, which do not contain aggressive substances.
  • Use Ginger Paste
    You can prepare a paste with the use of ginger and salt. Rub this paste directly on the affected area to reduce the pain and swelling resulting from swollen gums.
  • Rinsing with salt water
    Rinsing mouth with warm water containing salt (1 tablespoon) can also help in the treatment of swollen gums. It is important to note that this remedy can provide only a temporary relief from the problem of swollen gums
  • Organic natural mouthwash
    Check whether your mouthwash does not contain harmful chemicals which can cause swollen gums getting worse. Use 100% organic essential oil can help destroy the harmful bacteria that can lead to problems such as swollen gums. Applying Oral Botanica directly on the swollen gums will help the healing process significantly.
  • Use Clove Oil cotton ball
    Mix the clove oil with the olive oil and then soak a cotton ball in it. Swish your mouth with warm water or salt water to get the area clean. Apply the cotton ball directly to the sore for 5-8 minutes for numbing relief.
  • Organic Essential Oil
    Clinical studies have shown that using certain essential oil, such as peppermint oil, spearmint, tea tree, myrrh as part of your oral care routine may actually be just as good as flossing when it comes to reducing swollen gums.